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There is also a wide variance in the distribution of talent in different countries. In smaller countries or those with relatively less mature tech ecosystems, there tends to be a larger concentration of tech talent in a single hub. Other countries, such as Germany, Italy and Spain, have a more distributed tech talent base, thanks to the strength of multiple large cities in those countries.

Share of professional developer talent (%) in the largest hub for selected European countries in 2019

% of total professional developers in city as share of country total.